Historically, if a woman was infertile, or if infertility were the ailment of her male partner, preventing the natural ability to conceive, bear and raise children, the couple desiring a family had only the option of adoption to accomplish their goal. Today, there are other potential options that enhance nature with some artificial, but never the less effective means to have children who are the genetic issue of at least one of the parents.
Advances in medical science have given rise to the fertility clinic, a facility that has at its disposal fertility enhancements that, although beginning with an artificial means of fertilization, never the less result in a normal, advancing pregnancy with delivery of the child (or children of a multiple birth) at full term.
Through the efforts of fertility clinics, they have determined that infertility is an evenly divided diagnosis of causes: females represent about 35 percent of the cause of infertility, 35 percent are caused by males, 20 percent by combined male and female partners and 10 percent from unknown causes which may included non-physiological, emotional or psychological blocks.
The best fertility clinics are staffed with professional of a variety of disciplines to enable their involvement in the entire cycle of care from diagnosis of infertility to the successful pregnancy resulting in birth and post-natal care.
Treatment options for infertility include ovulation enhancement techniques, various in vitro (outside of the body) and in vivo (in the body) fertilization methods, surgical intervention or donation of eggs or sperm. In some cases, a combination of these techniques is employed, such as in vitro fertilization using a donor’s sperm. Of these techniques, in vitro fertilization (IVF) is the most common treatment, but, due to its expense, it is usually the effort of last resort if other typical natural conception efforts fail. Attempts with natural sexual intercourse are considered and diagnosed as infertility only after12 months of efforts fail to achieve conception and pregnancy.
If consideration of employing a fertility clinic becomes a serious matter, it is advised to do research to find the right fertility clinic based on need and expectation. Such matters as success rate for both fertilization and birth as separate factors is the most important factor because just about any infertility treatment is expensive. Only that clinic which can demonstrate a good success rate ought to be considered.
Other considerations are the number of procedures a clinic employs, age limits of patients, who determines the number of implants in a procedure of IVF, and how many cyclic attempts a clinic will provide in one year.
While the concept may raise images of Frankenstein and his monster, groaning and growling beneath a lightning-laden dark sky, and the unethical doctor exclaiming the success of his actions, “It’s alive”, the fertility clinic is none of these things.